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FIGUEROA, Francisco Acuna de (fegaro'ah), Uruguayan poet, born in Montevideo in 179l; died there, 6 October 1862. In 1804 his father sent him to Buenos Ayres to study at the College of San Carlos, but the invasion of that City in 1807 by the British forces obliged him to return to his native City, where he was employed as a subaltern in the administration under his father. He began early to write improvisations and numerous small poems, but, as at that time no printing office existed in Montevideo, none of his works of that period have been published. During the twenty-two months' siege of that City by the revolutionary forces in 1812'14, he kept in verse a diary of daily events, which was afterward published under the title "Diario Hist6rico Razonado del sitio de Montevid6o en 1812'13 y '14." In June 1814, when Montevideo surrendered, Pigueroa emigrated to Rio Janeiro, where he was employed as secretary of the Spanish envoy. In 1818, after the conclusion of peace, he gave up his idea of going to Spain, and returned to his native City. He was again employed in the administration, and in 1840 was appointed director of the national library and museum, but continued to occupy his leisure by writing poetry. Marmier, in his " Lettres sur l'Amerique du Sud" (Paris, 1851), compares Figueroa with the French poet Marot, and places him at the head of SpanishAmerican poets. Besides his historical diary mentioned above, he published "Parafrases de los Salmos"; "Parafrases de las Lamentaciones de Jeremias"; and "Las Toraidas," sketches of Paraguayan customs. The poems " La Negra," "E1 Duelo de Montevideo," " Himno Nacional del Uruguay." and all his smaller poems, were published under the title of "Mosaico Po6tico" (1857).
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