Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PINTO, Francisco Antonio, Chilian statesman, born in Santiago about 1785" died there in 1858. He acquired a good education, and when very young was graduated as a lawyer in the University of San Felipe. Soon afterward the revolution of 1810 began, and he took part in the patriotic movement. The following year he went to Buenos Ayres as a diplomatic agent, and in 1813 he was sent to London with a like commission. He served in 1817 in the Argentine Republic under the orders of General Manuel Belgrano (q. v.), but in 1821 he returned to Chili and went to Peru with the Chilian liberating army. On his return to Chili he was elected vice-president of the republic" when General Freire resigned the presidency in 1827 Pinto assumed the executive, lie accomplished many reforms, promoted public instruction, and enlarged the National library, He resigned on 14 July, 1829, and, although in the same year he was re-elected, he resigned again in 1830. Afterward he lived in retirement for several years, but later he occupied the offices of senator and councillor of state.--His son, Anibal, president of Chili, born in Santiago in 1824" died in Valparaiso in 1884, studied in the University of Chili, in 1845 was appointed attache of the Chilian legation in Rome, and in 1848 promoted secretary. On his return to Chili he was called to the chair of philosophy and the humanities in the university. During the government of Jose Joaquin Perez (q. 'v.) in 1862 he was appointed intendant of the province of Concepcion, and during his long administration he embellished the capital and improved its hospitals and highways. He was elected deputy to congress several times, and in 1869 was offered the portfolio of the treasury, which he refused, not wishing to take part in polities. In 1870 he was appointed senator, and was one of the principal promoters of the railway that unites the port of Talcahuano with the province of Nuble. When Federico Errazuriz (q. v.) occupied the presidency of Chili in 1871, he called Pinto to organize a cabinet" but the latter declined, accepting only the portfolio of war and the navy, which he occupied three years. In 1876 he was elected president of Chili. During his administration the war against Peru and Bolivia began in 1879, and by his energy the means for its prompt prosecution were forwarded to the front. On 8 September, 1881, he delivered the executive to his successor, Domingo Santa Maria, and retired into private life.
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