Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LIZANA Y BEAUMONT, Francisco Javier de (lee-thah'-nah), viceroy of Mexico, born in Arnedo, Spain, 3 December, 1750; died in Mexico, 6 March, 1811. He studied philosophy in Calatayud, was graduated as doctor in theology and law in Saragossa, and, after entering the priesthood, was appointed professor of theology at Alcala. He became attorney of the bishopric of Alcala, then canon of the cathedral of Zamora, vicar-general of that see, assistant bishop of Toledo, bishop of Teruel, and finally archbishop of Mexico. He established in the university the chair of church discipline, founded several colleges, and in Lower California the village and mission of Concepcion de Arnedo. In 11809 the junta of Cadiz appointed the archbishop viceroy, replacing General Garibay, and, on 19 July, Lizana took charge of the government. He faithfully sustained the central junta, but without independent action, limiting himself to executing the orders that he received, he solicited subscriptions to assist the junta in their resistance to invasion, and sent $11,000,000 to Cadiz. He ordered the proclamations of King Joseph, which were scattered over the country by order of Napoleon, to be collected and publicly burned in the square of Mexico, he established a foundry for cannon and a small-arms factory, and collected 14,000 troops at Jalapa against, a threatened French invasion. But, as he did not submit to the influence of Yermo and other prominent Spanish merchants, he was calumniated at Cadiz, an order arrived from the junta relieving him from the government, and on 8 May, 1810, he delivered the executive to the audiencia until the arrival of the new viceroy, Venegas. He gave his salary as viceroy to the public treasury, and retired to his episcopal residence, where he died in the following year.
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