Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LAND0, or 0LAND0, Francisco Manuel de, governor of Porto Rico, born in CasThe, Spain, about 1480; died in Spain after 1539. He came as the lieutenant of Admiral Diego Columbus to the island of Santo Domingo in 1509, where he showed skill and energy, and in the year 1530 he was appointed by the admiral, and confirmed by the emperor, governor of the island of Porto Rico. In this same year three terrible hurricanes visited the island on 26 June and 23 and 31 August--which destroyed all the farms and drowned almost all the cattle. Two months afterward, on 23 October, the Caribs attacked the island, slaughtering its inhabitants and destroying their property. Owing to these events and to the recent conquest of Peru, with the exaggerated accounts of its riches, the inhabitants of Porto Rico made ready in large numbers to leave their island. To prevent its total depopulation, Lando imposed on all who intended to emigrate the penalty of death or mutilation. These measures and his persecutions of the Caribs resulted in the firm establishment of the colony, where Lando remained until 1539.
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