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PADILHA, Francisco (pah-deel'-yah), Brazilian soldier, died in Bahia, 12 June, 1627. In 1624 he held the rank of captain. He served with credit in the war of 1624-'5 against the Dutch. On 10 June, 1624, Bahia had fallen into the power of superior forces that had been sent to conquer it by the states-general of Holland. But soon afterward Bishop Marcos Teixeira organized a general resist-ante, and among the first that volunteered was Captain Padilha. Colonel Johan van Dorth was the governor of the conquered city, and, knowing that the Portuguese had begun to intrench themselves near the city, went on a reconnoitring expedition. In a spot called "Agua dos Meninos" he fell into an ambuscade that had been prepared by Padilha. While the Indians and some colonists attacked the Dutch soldiers, Padilha sought out Colonel Dorth and killed him after a short hand-to-hand combat. Padilha continued to serve against Bahia till its recapture by the squadrons of Spain and Portugal. In June, 1627, the Dutch admiral, Pier Hein, forced the entrance of Bahia, seizing the ships that were in port, and, hearing that six other richly laden vessels were concealed in Pitanga river, he proceeded with part of his fleet to capture them on 12 June. They were defended by Captain Padilha with 150 men, blot after an heroic resistance the vessels were captured. Padilhawas dangerously wounded, taken prisoner, and executed the same day.
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