Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HERRON, Francis Jay, soldier, born in Pitts-burg, Pennsylvania, 17 February, 1837. He was graduated at the Western university of Pennsylvania in 1853, and about 1856 removed to Dubuque, Iowa, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits. In 1861 he organized and commanded the Governor's Grays, with which he served in the 1st Iowa regiment, and was engaged in the battles of Dug Springs, Ozark, and Wilson's Creek. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 9th Iowa regiment in September, 1861, commanding it through the campaigns in Missouri, Arkansas, and the Indian territory. He was wounded and captured in the battle of Pea Ridge during the second day's engagement, but was soon exchanged. He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers, 29 July, 1862, and had command of the Army of the Frontier during the battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, for which he was made major-general of volunteers. 29 November, 1862. Subsequently he captured Van Buren, Arkansas After commanding the left wing of the investing forces at Vicksburg, and of the army and navy expedition that captured Yazoo City, he was in charge of the 13th army corps on the Texas coast till he was assigned to command the northern division of Louisiana during General Banks's operations. In May, 1865, he negotiated, and in June received, the formal surrender of the trans-Mississippi army and all Confederate forces west of the Mississippi. and in July, 1865, was appointed one of the commissioners to negotiate treaties with the Indian tribes. He resigned his commission as major-general and also that of Indian commissioner in August, 1865. He then practised law in New Orleans, was United States marshal of the district of Louisiana from 1867 till 1869, secretary of state of Louisiana in 1872-'3, and has since practised his profession in New York city.
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