Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ROUQUETTE, Francois Dominique, poet. born in New Orleans, Louisiana, 2 January, 1810. He studied at the Orleans college in his native city, and then followed classical studies at the College de Nantes in France. In 1838 he returned to the United States and studied law with William Rawle in Philadelphia. The active practice of his profession being uncongenial, he returned to France and has since devoted himself to writing. Besides his contributions to "L'Abeille de la Nouvelle Orleans," the " Propagateur Catholique," and other journals, he has published "Les Meschacebdenes" (Paris, 1889) ; "The Arkansas " (Fort Smith, Arkansas, 1850) ; and "Fleurs d'Amerique . Podsies nouvelles" (New Orleans, 1857). He has also written in French and English a historical work on the Choctaw nation. --His brother, Adrien Emmanuel, author, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, 13 February, 1813; died there, 15 July, 1887, was educated at the College de Nantes, and spent ten years thereafter in the capitals of Europe. He then returned to this country and studied law, but becoming interested in the Choctaw Indians, who were located in the parish of St. Tammany, he devoted his attention to their welfare. Determining to spend his life among them, he settled in their midst, learned their language, and, fixing it in print, taught the Indians to read and write. As the work progressed he became interested in their religious welfare, and in 1845 presented himself for orders in the Roman Catholic church. He continued among the Indians, who called him "Chatazimo," during the troublesome times of the civil war, when their territory was alternately overrun by the soldier's of both armies. Abbe Rouquette worked in their behalf until the year before his death, when failing health compelled him to return to New Orleans, where he spent his last days, tenderly cared for by the Sisters of Charity at the Hotel Dieu. His scholarly attainments were universally recognized, and his poetry, written in the emotional and sentimental style of Chateaubriand, was commended by Sainte-Beuve and other French critics. His works include "Les Savanes, podsies Americaines" (Paris, 1841), in which "Souvenir de Kentucky" is the best known ; "Wild Flowers : Sacred Poetry" (New Orleans, 1848); "La Thebaide en Amerique, ou apologie de la vie solitaire et contemplative" (1852): "L'Antoniade, ou la solitude avec Dieu, poeme eremitique" (1860) ; "Poemes patriotiques" (1860); and " Catherine Tegehkwitha" (1873). In 1855 he translated into French the select poems of Estelle Anna Lewis, and also edited "Selections from the Poets of all Countries." His last work was a satire on George W. Cable's " Grandissimes," entitled " Critical Dialogue between Aboo and Caboo on a New Book, or a Grandissime Ascension," edited by E. Junius.
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