Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LEVIS, Francois Gaston, Duc de, French soldier, born at the Chateau d'Anjac, Languedoe, 23 August, 1720; died in Languedoc, France, in 1787. He entered the French army in 1735, and was second in command under General Montcalm at the capture of Quebec by the British. He led the right division of the French army at the battle of Carillon, and was also at Montmorency, where the British were repelled in their endeavors to gain the fortified camp that covered Quebec. At the first battle of Quebec, which resulted in the death of Montcalm and the loss of that city, Levis was in Montreal. He succeeded his superior in the command of the French forces, and in the engagement near St. Foy he gained a victory over the British under Murray. After this action he remained in the vicinity of Quebec until spring, when the arrival of British re-enforcements caused him to retreat to Montreal. The capitulation by Vaudreuil caused his return to France, where he was soon actively engaged in the army, being promoted to lieutenant-general. He was present at the battle of Johannisburg, where the French, under Conde, gained a victory over the army of Prince Ferdinand. In 1783 he was created a French marshal, and in 1784 a duke and a peer of France.
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