Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GONZALEZ, Franeisco Javier (gon-thal'-eth), South American soldier, born in Colombia in 1760; died in Bogota in 1832. He entered the Republican army in 1810, and continued in active service until 1832, becoming lieutenant in 1810, captain in 1812, lieutenant colonel, 11 January 1813, and colonel on 4 October He paid all the expenses of his regiment in the campaign of 1813-'14, and, after the defeat of the Republicans in the latter year, returned to Bogot£ where he was taken prisoner by the Spaniards in 1816, and condemned to death. He regained his liberty by forfeiting his estates and paying $35,000 to his captors. General Morillo, taking advantage of his extreme poverty, offered him every inducement to enter the Spanish army and organize the militia, but Gonzalez refused. When the news of the defeat of the Spaniards in Boyaca reached Bogota 8 August, 1819, the authorities fled, leaving the capital in the power of a mob. Gonzalez assembled the Republicans, restored order, and guarded the public treasure, amounting to $4,000,000, until the arrival of Bolivar, who appointed him governor and commander-in-chief of the province of Cundinamarca. He devoted himself to the task of organizing and drilling troops during the eleven years that he was commander of the province. In the civil war which followed the war of independence, Gonzalez served the legitimate government.
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