Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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UMBSCHEIDEN, Franz, journalist, born in Gruenstadt, Rhenish Bavaria, Germany, in 1821; died in Newark, New Jersey, 13 December, 1874. He was educated at the Universities of Heidelberg and Munich, where he studied law and national economy, and in 1848 took an active part in revolutionary movements, travelling and making inflammatory speeches, on account of one of which on the death of Robert Blum he was compelled to flee to France. When the revolution began in Rhenish Bavaria he returned, served in the army, and was present at the occupation of Worms and at the storming of Landau, after which he went to Baden under General Franz Sigel, and afterward to Switzerland, where he became a private tutor. Being expelled to appease Louis Napoleon in 1852, he went to Newark, New Jersey, and taught there. During the Fremont canvass in 1856 he joined the Republican party, but in 1859 he co-operated with the Democrats. In 1860 he became editor of the New York "Staats-Zeitung," which post he held until 1864, when he established the Newark "Volksmann." In 1867 he was editor of the "New Jersey Democrat," and he again edited the "Volksmann" in 1869-'74.
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