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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

BARTHOLDI, Frederic Auguste   - A Stan Klos Biography

BARTHOLDI, Frederic Auguste, French sculptor, born in Cohnar, Alsace, 2 April 1834. He studied painting with Ary Scheffer in Paris, but afterward turned his attention to sculpture, which has since exclusively occupied him. Among his works are "Francesca da Rimini" (1852); "Monument to Martin Schongauer" (1863); "Le Vigneron" (1870); and "Vercingetorix" (1872).

 

His statue of "Lafayette arriving in America" was executed in 1872, and in 1876 was placed in Union square, New York. He was one of the French commissioners in 1876 to the Philadelphia centennial exhibition, and there exhibited bronze statues of "The Young Vine-Grower;"  "Genie Funebre;" "Peace;" and "Genius in the Grasp of Misery," for which he received a bronze medal.

 

"Liberty enlightening the World," the colossal statue on Bedlow's [now Liberty] Island, in New York harbor, is his work. Soon after the establishment of the present form of government in France, the project of building some suitable memorial to show the fraternal feeling existing between the two great republics was suggested, and in 1874 the "French-American Union" was established. Among its members were Laboulaye, De Remusat, Waddington, Henri Martin, De Lesseps, De Rochambeau, Lafayette, and Bartholdi.

 

The plan of Bartholdi having been approved, more than 1,000,000 francs were raised by subscription throughout France for the building of the statue. On 4 July 1880, it was formally delivered to the American minister in Paris, the event being celebrated by a great banquet. Meanwhile the United States had set apart Bedlow's island as a site for the monument, and funds were collected throughout this country for the building of the pedestal, about $300,000 being raised.

 

In October 1886, the structure was presented to the nation as the joint gift of the French and American people. This statue is 151 feet and 1 inch high, and the top of the torch will be at an elevation of 305 feet 11 inches from mean low-water mark. It is the largest work of its kind that has ever been completed. The famous "Colossus of Rhodes," according to the proportions which the legends attribute to it, was but a miniature in comparison.

 

The "Lion of Belfort," a colossal statue, erected in commemoration of the siege sustained by that city during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-'1, was made by Bartholdi and exhibited in plaster at the salon of 1878. His "Gribeauval," exhibited in the same year, is the property of the French nation, from whom he has received the cross of the legion of honor. See" Bartholdi and the Great Statue" (New York, 1886).

 

 

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia by John Looby, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

BARTHOLDI, Frederic Auguste, French sculptor, born in Cohnar, Alsace, 2 April 1834. He studied painting with Ary Scheffer in Paris, but afterward turned his attention to sculpture, which has since exclusively occupied him. Among his works are "Francesca da Rimini" (1852) ; "Monument to Martin Schongauer" (1863) ; "Le Vigne-ron" (1870): and "Vercingetorix" (1872). His statue of "Lafayette arriving in America" was executed in 1872, and in 1876 was placed in Union square, New York. He was one of the French commissioners in 1876 to the Philadelphia centennial exhibition, and there exhibited bronze statues of "The Young Vine-Grower" ; "Genie Funebre" ; "Peace"; and "Genius in the Grasp of Misery," for which he received a bronze medal. "Liberty enlightening the World," the colossal statue on Bedlow's island, in New York harbor, is his work. Soon after the establishment of the present form of government in France, the project of building some suitable memorial to show the fraternal feeling existing between the two great republics was suggested, and in 1874 the "French-American Union" was established. Among its members were Laboulaye, De Remusat, Waddington, Henri Martin, De Lesseps, De Rochambeau, Lafayette, and Bartholdi. The plan of Bartholdi having been approved, more than 1,000,000 francs were raised by subscription throughout France for the building of the statue. On 4 July 1880, it was formally delivered to the American minister in Paris, the event being celebrated by a great banquet. Meanwhile the United States had set apart Bedlow's island as a site for the monument, and funds were collected throughout this country for the building of the pedestal, about $300,000 being raised. In October 1886, the structure was presented to the nation as the joint gift of the French and American people. This statue is 151 feet and 1 inch high, and the top of the torch will be at an elevation of 305 feet 11 inches from mean low-water mark. It is the largest work of its kind that has ever been completed. The famous "Colossus of Rhodes," according to the proportions which the legends attribute to it, was but a miniature in comparison. The "Lion of Belfort," a colossal statue, erected in commemoration of the siege sustained by that city during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-'1, was made by Bartholdi and exhibited in plaster at the salon of 1878. His "Gribeauval," exhibited in the same year, is the property of the French nation, from whom he has received the cross of the legion of honor. See" Bartholdi and the Great Statue" (New York, 1886).

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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