Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHURCH, Frederic Edwin, painter, born in Hartford, Connecticut, 4 May, 1826. When quite young he became a pupil of Thomas Cole at Catskill, New York, where his first pictures were painted, he early established himself in New York, and in 1849 was elected a member of the National academy. In 1853 and 1857 he visited South America, and made many sketches of tropical and Andean scenery, which he afterward developed into large pictures. Several years later an expedition to the coast of Labrador gave him material for his great picture entitled "Icebergs," which attracted much allention on its exhibition in London in 1863. In 1866 he visited the West Indies, and two years later Europe and the Holy Land, which resulted in important works. His best-known work is the "Great Fall at Niagara," painted from the Canada side in which was sold at the John Taylor Johnston sale in New York, 1876, for $12,500, to the Corcoran gallery, Washington. It was exhibited throughout the United States and Europe, and was awarded a medal of the second class at the Exposition uni-verselle, Paris, in 1867. Mr. Church has studios in New York and in tludson, but generally spends his winters in Mexico. His principal works are " Andes of Ecuador" (1855); " Niagara" (1857); "Heart of the Andes" (1859); " Icebergs" (1861); " Cotopaxi" (1862) : "Chimborazo " (1864); " St. Thomas in the Vale, Jamaica";" Niagara, from the American Side" (1866); " Damascus" (1869); " Rainy Season in the Tropics" ; "Jerusalem" (1870); "The Parthenon" (1871); "El Khasna Petra" (1872); " Tropical Moonlight" (1874)" AEgean Sea" ; " Valley of Santa Ysabel" (1875); " E1 Ayn" (1876); " Morning in the Tropics" (1877); " The Monastery" (1878); and " Valley of Santa Marta" (1879).
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