Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PACKARD, Frederick Adolphus, author, born in Marlborough, Massachusetts, 25 September, 1794; died in Philadelphia, 11 November, 1867. His father, the Reverend Asa Packard, a descendant of Samuel Packard, one of the founders of Bridgewater, Maine, was for many years pastor of a Congregational church in Marlborough. The son was graduated at Harvard in 1814, studied law at Northampton, Massachusetts, and practised at Springfield, in that state, from 1817 till 1829. He edited the "Hampden Federalist" in Springfield for ten years, and was a member of the legislature in 1828-'9. In 1829 he removed to Philadelphia, and from that time till his death he edited the publications of the American Sunday-school union, 2,000 in number, more than forty of which he wrote or compiled. In July, 1849, he was elected president of Girard college, but declined. He edited the " Sunday-School Magazine," the "Sunday-School Journal," and the" Youth's Penny Gazette," afterward known as the "Child's World." and projected the first child's paper in the United States. He prepared the society's annual reports, and published occasional tracts and articles on Sunday-school, educational, and other subjects. He edited eleven volumes of the " Philadelphia Journal of Prison Discipline," and contributed largely to periodicals. Among his publications are "Union Bible Dictionary " (Philadelphia, 1837) ; "The Teacher Taught" (1839) ; "Visit to European Hospitals" (1840) ; "Separation of Convicts "(1849) ; "The Relations of Religion to what are called Diseases of the Mind" (1850) ; " The Teacher Teaching" (1851); "The Rock" (1861); "The Only Alternative" (1866) ; "Life of Robert Owen" (1866) ; and "Daily Public School of the United States" (1866). He was singularly unobtrusive in his manners, and never permitted his name to appear with his writings.--His son, John Hooker, surgeon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 15 August, 1832. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in arts in 1850, and in medicine in 1853. He was surgeon during the civil war to the Christian street and Satterlee United States army hospitals, consulting surgeon to the hospitals at Beverly, New Jersey, and Haddington, Pennsylvania, surgeon to the Episcopal hospital at Philadelphia in 1863-'84, and has held a similar office in the Pennsylvania hospital since 1884. He was secretary of the College of physicians from 1862 till 1877, of which body he was chosen vice-president in 1886, and is a member of other learned bodies. He translated "Malgaigne on Fractures" (Philadelphia, 1859) ; published " Philadelphia Medical Directory" (1868, 1871. and 1873); and is the author of "Manual of Minor Surgery" (1863) ;" Lectures on Inflammation" (1865) ; "Handbook of Operative Surgery" (1870) ; and "Sea-Air and Sea-Bathing" (1881). He has contributed largely on medical subjects to various medical journals, to the " Transactions of the Pennsylvania State Medical Society," and to the "Pennsylvania Hospital Reports." A paper on "Some of the Surgeons of the Last Century," read before the Ontario medical association, is printed in the "Canadian Practitioner" (February, 1888).--Another son, Lewis Richard, educator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 22 August, 1836; died in New Haven, Connecticut, 26 October, 1884, was graduated at Yale in 1854, travelled. in Europe, and pursued an extended course of study at the University of Berlin, where he received the degree of Ph.D. On his return to the United States he studied theology, and in 1863 became assistant professor of the Greek language and literature in Yale college, and in 1866 professor. In 1883 he was at Athens, Greece. in charge of the archaeological school that has been established there by the American colleges. He wrote for periodicals and reviews, and, as a memorial of him, seven of his essays and lectures were collected and published under the title of "Studies in Greek Thought" (Boston, 1886).
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