Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BARNARD, Frederick Augustus Porter, educator, born in Sheffield, Massachusetts, 5 May 1809. He was graduated at Yale in 1828, became tutor there in 1829, in 1831 teacher in the asylum for the deaf and dumb at Hartford, and in 1832 in that of New York. From 1837 to 1848 he was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in the University of Alabama, and afterward of chemistry till 1854. The same year he took orders in the Episcopal Church. He then became professor of mathematics and astronomy in the University of Mississippi, of which institution he was elected president in 1856. In 1861 Dr. Barnard left Mississippi, and in 1864 he became president of Columbia College, New York. He was United States commissioner to the universal exposition at Paris in 1867, and published an elaborate " Report on Machinery and Industrial Arts" (New York, 1869) ; and he was also United States assistant commissioner-general to the Paris exposition of 1878. His other principal works are: "Treatise on Arithmetic" (1830); "Analytic Grammar with Symbolic Illustration " (1836), originating a system still used in the principal institutions for the deaf and dumb; various reports, essays, etc., on collegiate and University education, including a volume of "Letters on Collegiate Government" (1855); "History of the United States Coast Survey "(1857) ;" Recent Progress of Science" (1869) ; " The Metric System" (1871); and "Imaginary Metrological System of the Great Pyramid" (1884). In 1860 he was a member of the expedition to observe the eclipse of the sun in Labrador ; in 1862 was engaged in reducing observations of stars in the southern hemisphere ; and in 1863 had charge of the publication of charts and maps of the United States coast survey. In 1860 he was elected president of the American association for the advancement of science, in 1865 of the board of experts of the American bureau of mines, and in 1872 of the American institute, tie was one of the original incorporators named in the charter of the national academy of sciences, and from 1874 to 1880 was foreign secretary of that body. In 1855 he received the degree of LL.D. from Jefferson College, Mississippi, and in 1859 from Yale; in 1861 that of died D. from the University of Mississippi ; and in 1872 that of doctor of literature from the regents of the University of the state of New York. He has contributed to the "American Journal of Education" from its beginning, and to "Silliman's Journal" since 1837. The engraving gives a partial view of the old and the new buildings of Columbia College.
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