Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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REZE, Frederick (ray-zay), R. C. bishop, born in Uildesheim, Germany, in 1797" died there, 27 December, 1871. He entered the military service at an early age, and fought as a dragoon in the battle of Waterloo. Soon afterward he went to Rome to prepare himself for the priesthood, and, after studying in the College of the propaganda, he was ordained and sent to labor in Africa. On his return to Germany he accepted an invitation from Bishop Fenwick to come to the United States, and was appointed his secretary. He went to Europe in 1827 to procure priests, and was successful in sending several missionaries to the United States. The Leopoldine society for helping poor missions in this country was founded in Austria principally through his exertions. He returned to Ohio in 1828, and devoted himself with energy and success to the revival of Catholicity among the Indian tribes in that state and in Michigan. On his return he was appointed vicar-general. In 1833 the see of Detroit was created, embracing the present states of Michigan and Wisconsin, and Dr. Reze was consecrated its first bishop on 6 October He attended the deliberations of the 2d provincial council of Baltimore a few weeks afterward. There were only about a dozen churches attended by ten priests in the diocese. Bishop Reze founded a college in Detroit and established academies there and in Green Bay, which he placed under the control of the order of Poor Clares. He gave special attention to the spiritual and temporal interests of the Indians, and opened schools for their benefit. But faults of temper prevented his administration from being entirely successful, and he resigned his see in 1837, and lived for several years in Rome, but finally retired to Hildesheim, where he spent the remainder of his days.
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