Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARSCHALL, Frederick William yon, clergyman, born in Stolpen, near Dresden, Saxony, 5 February, 1721; died in Salem, North Carolina, 11 February, 1802. His father was commandant of the fortress of Koenig-stein, and he received a strictly military education, but had no taste for the life of a soldier. While studying at the University of Leipsic he became acquainted with Count Zinzendorf, and eventually entered the service of the Moravian church. For sixty-two years he labored in its interest with unwearied faithfulness, first in Germany and England, and then in this country. He came to North Carolina in 1761, and settled on a tract of land that the Moravian church had bought of Lord Grenville, and which bore the name of Wachoria. In the centre of that tract Marschall founded the town of Salem, which is now a flourishing borough, the seat of the governing board of the southern Moravian church and of the celebrated boarding-school for young ladies. Other settlements were begun in the vicinity, and the work of the church prospered greatly under his supervision. He was a member of its governing board, and managed its finances. His military education gave a tendency to his ministry. In his official capacity he demanded implicit obedience to authorities, a strict observance of the discipline and rules of the church, and, when occasion required it, rebuked with great sternness. Personally he was humble, loving, kind, and rich in deeds of charity.
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