Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARTENS, Frederic, German explorer, born in Hamburg in 1635; died there in 1699. He was the son of a pilot, but followed the medical profession, and made several voyages to North America as a ship-surgeon. In 1671 he joined a whaler that was bound for Spitzbergen, and visited the arctic countries during a voyage of six months. Seven years later he went to northern Canada and explored the territories around Hudson bay, suffering great hardships. He was the first to describe accurately to Europeans the northern part of the American continent. He published" Spitzbergische und Gronlandische Reisebeschreibung" (Hamburg, 1675). This work was translated into English (London, 1695), into French (Paris, 1715), into Dutch (Amsterdam, 1695), and into Italian (Bologna, 1680). He also published "Zweijahriger Aufenthalt in den Territorien der Hudson's und Baffm's Bay" (Hamburg, 1687), which was also translated into several languages.
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