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Frederic William Cumberland

CUMBERLAND, Frederic William, Canadian architect, born in London, England, in 1820; died in Toronto, 5 August 1881. He was educated at the collegiate school, Dublin, and subsequently at King's College, London. After completing his course, he was apprenticed to a civil engineer, was in 1844 appointed to the engineering department of the admiralty, and superintended the construction of the dry docks and sea-walling at Chatham, and assisted Sir William Denison and Captain James, R. E., during 1845-'7, in editing " the Professional Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers." In 1847 he arrived in Toronto, Canada, and at once attained prominence as an architect and railway constructor. In 1852 he undertook the superintendence and construction of the Ontario, Simcoe and Huron railway (subsequently the Northern railway) to its terminus at Collingwood, on the Georgian Bay, of which road he afterward became managing director. Having completed the construction, he resigned in 1854, and gave his attention solely to architectural work. He designed the plans of St. James cathedral, the normal school, and Osgood hall, in Toronto, and that of the University of Toronto. The last named is said to be the finest specimen of Norman Gothic architecture on this continent. In 1861, at the time of the "Trent" affair, he organized in Toronto the regiment now known as the Royal Grenadiers, became its first colonel, and retained the command until 1864, when he was appointed aide-de-camp to the governor-general, ceasing to be such by his resignation on the departure of Lord Dufferin. At the time of the Fenian raid in 1866 he had charge of the railway service. He represented Algoma district in the legislature of Ontario in 1867, and in 1871 in the dominion parliament.

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