Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SAINTE .CROIX, Gaetan Xavier Guilhem de Pascalis (saynt-crwah), Chevalier de, French soldier, born in Mormoiron, 11 December, 1708; died in Cape Frant;ais, Santo Domingo, 18 August, 1762. He entered the French army as a lieutenant in 1731, and served for fifteen years in Santo Domingo, Martinique, and Louisiana. He gained credit by his defence of the fortress of Belle Isle in June, 1761, was proinoted major-general, 20 July, and became commander of the French forces in the Leeward and Windward islands. In February, 1762, he made an attack upon Martinique, which the English had just captured, but was defeated. After organizing the defence in Santo Domingo, he exerted himself to send re-enforcements and supplies to Havana, and prepared an expedition against Jamaica. when he died of yellow fever.
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