Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BOULBON, or RAOUSSET-BOULBON, Gaston Raoulx, Comte de, French adventurer, born in Avignon in 1817; died near Guayamas, 12 August 1854. Having squandered his estates, he went in 1852 to California, and there induced other adventurers to join him in an expedition to Sonora. The Mexicans, who opposed his designs upon the gold mines, were beaten back at the point of the bayonet. Flushed with victory, he then rallied round him 500 men, and seizing Arispe, the capital of Sonora, proclaimed a republic. He was defeated by the Mexicans on 4 January 1853. then returned to California, where he planned a new expedition in April 1854, and, returning to Sonora, was defeated by the Mexicans on 13 July was captured, and on 12 August was executed. An account of his life was published by Jules de la Madelene (Paris, 1855).
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