Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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OTIS, George Alexander, surgeon, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 12 November, 1830; died in Washington, D. C., 23 February, 1881. He was graduated at Princeton in 1849, and at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1851, continued his surgical studies in London and Paris, and in 1854 began practice in Springfield, Massachusetts During the civil war he served as a field surgeon with the 27th Massachusetts volunteers. In February, 1866, he was appointed assistant surgeon in the United States army, and assigned to duty in the office of the surgeon-general at Washington. He received the brevets of captain, major, and lieutenant-colonel, and was a member of the principal American medical societies and a corresponding member of various European societies, he was advanced to the rank of major on 17 March, 1880. He wrote for medical journals, and published in the form of reports monographs on "Amputation at the Hip-Joint" (Washington, 1867) ; " Excisions of the Head of the Femur" (1869); " A Plan for transporting Wounded Soldiers by Railway "; and "Transport of Sick and Wounded by Pack Animals"; also a "Report of Surgical Cases treated in the Army of the United States from 1867 to 1871." Dr. Otis was for several years curator of the Army medical museum in Washington, and compiled the surgical part of the "Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion " (Washington, 1870-'9).
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