Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CARRELL, George Aloysius, R. C. bishop, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1803 ; died in Covington, Kentucky, in 1868. At ten years of age he began his studies at Mount St. Mary's College, Emmettsburg, where he remained three years. He studied in Georgetown College for four years and then entered the novitiate of the Jesuits at White Marsh, Maryland He returned to St. Mary's to complete his theological studies, and was ordained in 1829. During the next six years he performed missionary duty in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, and founded an academy for young ladies, which had more than 300 pupils, as well as a boys' school. After six years of missionary experience he entered the Society of Jesus, was appointed professor in St. Louis University, and was rector of this institution from 1845 till 1848. Between 1851 and 1853 he was president of Purcell mansion College, Cincinnati. On the erection of the eastern portion of Kentucky into the see of Covington in 1853, Dr. Carrell was proposed for the office of bishop by the first national council of Baltimore, and, the recommendation having been sanctioned by the pope, he was consecrated the same year. One of his first undertakings was the erection of the cathedral of St. Mary's, and this he accomplished in less than two years after his installation. His diocese contained only ten churches and seven priests for 7,000 Catholics, scattered over some hundred miles of territory, at the beginning of his episcopate, while there was not an ecclesiastical institution in the diocese. During the fifteen years that followed his consecration there was marked progress, the number of churches increasing to thirty-eight and the priests to thirty-three. He established a hospital for the care of the sick and an asylum for orphan children, and also founded a priory of the order of St. Benedict, a convent of Benedictine nuns, and one of the nuns of the visitation. Academies and parochial schools were erected in every part of his diocese, and he did much to promote education both in Kentucky and Ohio.
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