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CHEEVER, George Barrell, clergyman and author, born in Hallowell, Maine, 17 April, 1807. He was the son of Nathaniel Cheever, who removed from Salem, Massachusetts, to Hallowell and established the "American A3vocate," was graduated at Bow-doin in 1825, at Andover seminary in 1830, and was ordained pastor of Howard street Congregational church, Boston, in 1832. While at Andover and Salem he contributed prose and verse to the " North American Review," "Biblical Repository," and other periodicals. Engaging in the Unitarian controversy, he wrote a "Defence of the Orthodoxy of Cudworth," and, espousing the temperance cause, published in a Salem newspaper in 1835 an allegory entitled "Inquire at Deacon Giles's Distillery." The friends of the deacon made a riotous attack on Mr. Cheerer, and he was tried for libel and imprisoned thirty days. Resigning his pastorate, he went to Europe, contributed letters to the "New York Observer," and on his return in 1839 took charge of the Allen street Presbyterian church, New York city. He delivered lectures on the " Pilgrim's Progress," and on "Hierarchical Despotism," the latter being in answer to a discourse of Bishop Hughes. In 1843, in three public debates with J. L. O'Sullivan, he argued for capital punishment. He was in Europe in 1844 as corresponding editor of the New York "Evangelist," of which he was principal editor after his return in 1845. From 1846 until he retired in 1870 he was pastor of the Church of the Puritans, which was organized for him, in New York, and was distinguished as a preacher for his rigorous and forcible application of orthodox principles to questions of practical moment, such as the Dred Scott decision, the banishment of the Bible from the public schools, the operation of railroads on Sundays, the war with Mexico, intemperance, and slavery. On retiring from the pulpit, Dr. Cheerer gave his house in New York to the American board of commissioners for foreign missions and the American missionary association, to be held jointly, and fixed his residence at Englewood, New Jersey He contributed much to the " Independent" and the "Bibliotheca Sacra." Among his publications are "Commonplace Book of Prose " (Cooperstown, 1828); "Studies in Poetry" (Boston, 1830); an edition of the "Select Works of Archbishop Leighton" (1832); " Commonplace Book of Poetry" (Philadelphia, 1839): "God's Hand in America" (New York, 1841): '" Lectures on Hierarchical Despotism "; "Lectures on the ' Pilgrim's Progress'" (1844); " Wanderings of a Pilgrim in Switzerland " (1845-'6); " De-fence of Capital Punishment" (1846); with J. E. Sweetser, "Christian Melodies, a Selection of Hymns and Tunes "; "Poets of America " (Hartford, 1847); "The Hill of Difficulty" (1847); "Journal of the Pilgrims, Plymouth, New Eng land, 1620," reprinted from the original volumes, with illustrations (1848); " Punishment by Death, its Authority and Expediency" (1849); "Windings of the River of the Water of Life" (New York, 1849): "The Voice of Nature to her Foster-Child. the Soul of Man " (1852);" Powers of the World to Come" (1853); "Thoughts for the Afflicted ";" The Right of the Bible in our Public Schools" (1854);"Lectures on the Life, Genius, and Insanity of Cowper" (1856); "God against Slavery, and the Freedom and Duty of the Pulpit to Rebuke it " (1857); "Guilt of Slavery and Crime of Slaveholding" (1860); "Faith, Doubt, and Evidence" (1881).--His brother, Henry Theodore, clergyman, born in Hallowell, Maine, 6 February, 1814, was graduated at Bowdoin in 1834, and in 1835-'6 cot-responded with the New York "Evangelist " from Spain, France, and Louisiana. He then studied theology at Bangor, Maine, where he was graduated in 1840, travelled in the South seas and the Sandwich islands, was correspondent and associate editor of the New York "Evangelist" in 1843-'4, settled as pastor in various places, and from 1859 till 1864 was secretary and agent for the church antislavery society. He has published popular books of travel and biography under the following titles : "The Whale and His Captors" (New York, 1849); " A Reel in a Bottle for Jack in the Doldrums," an allegory (1851); "The Island World of the Pacific " (1852); "Memoirs of Nathaniel Cheerer, M. D.," his father, to which his brother wrote an introduction (1853); "Life and Religion in the Sand-wieh Islands" (1854); "Autobiography and Memorials of Capt. Obadiah Congat" (1855);" The Sea and the Sailor," from the literary remains of Walter Colton (1855); "Short Yarns for Long Voyages" (1855); "Life and Writings of the Rev. Walter Colton, United States N." (1856); " The Pulpit and the Pew-Trials and Triumphs of a Year in the Old Parsonage, from Leaves of a Pastor's Journal " (1858); "Way-Marks in the Moral War with Slavery between the Opening of 1859 and the Close of 1861 " (1862); "Autobiograhhy and Memorials of Ichabod Washburn " (Boston, 1878); and "Correspondencies of Faith and Views of Madame Guyon" (New York, 1886).
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