Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CATLIN, George, painter, born in Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, in 1796 ; died in Jersey City, New Jersey, 23 December, 1872. He studied law at Litchfield, Connecticut, but after a few years' practice went to Philadelphia and turned his attention to drawing and painting. As an artist he was entirely self-taught. In 1832 he went to the far west and spent eight years among the Indians of Yellowstone river, Indian territory, Arkansas, and Florida, painting a unique series of Indian portraits and pictures, which attracted much attention on their exhibition both in this country and in Europe. Among these were 470 full-length portraits and a large number of pictures illustrative of Indian life and customs, most of which are now preserved in the national museum, Washington. In 1852-'7 Mr. Catlin travelled in South and Central America, after which he lived in Europe until 1871, when he returned to the United States. One hundred and twenty-six of his drawings illustrative of Indian life were at the Philadelphia exposition of 1876. He was the author of "Notes of Eight Years in Europe" (New York, 1848);" Manners, Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians" (London, 1857); "The Breath of Life, or Mal-Respiration" (New York, 1861); and " O-kee-pa : A Religious Ceremony, and other Customs of the Mandans" (London, 1867).
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