Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CROGHAN, George, soldier, born near Louisville, Kentucky, 15 November 1791; died in New Orleans, 8 January 1849. His father was Major William Cro-ghan, of the Revolution, and his mother a sister of G en. George Rogers Clark. He was graduated at William and Mary College in 1810, and, entering the army, was aide to Colonel Boyd at the battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, and made captain in the 17th infantry, 12 3larch, 1812. He distinguished himself under Harrison in the sortie from Fort Meigs, became his aide-de-camp, with the rank of major, 30 March 1813, and, on the 1st and 2d of August following, conducted the memorable de-fence of Fort Stephenson, at Lower Sandusky, against General Proctor, with an army of 500 regulars and 700 Indians. Major Croghan was brevetted lieutenant colonel for his gallantry on this occasion, and subsequently received from congress a gold medal. He was made a lieutenant colonel 21 February 1814 ; upon the reduction of the army at the close of the war, he was transferred to the 1st infantry. He resigned in 1817, was postmaster at New Orleans in 1824, and was appointed inspector-general, with the rank of colonel, 21 December 1825. In 1846 he joined Taylor's army in Mexico, and served with credit at the battle of Monterey.
--His son, George St. John Croghan, a Confederate officer, was fatally wounded at McCoy's Mills, W. Virginia, during Floyd's retreat from Cotton Hill, in December 1861. Before his death he admitted to General Benham, whose soldiers had wounded him that he had fought on the wrong side. He invented a peculiar packsaddle for mules, which had been successfully used in conveying wounded men over the mountain-passes of western Virginia.
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