Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CROGHAN, George, Indian agent, born in Ireland; died in Passayunk, Pennsylvania, about August 1782. He was educated in Dublin, and coming to this country settled near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was an Indian trader there as early as 1746. Having ae-quired the confidence of the Indians and a knowledge of their languages, he became agent for the colony among them. He was a captain in Braddock's expedition in 1755, engaged in the defense of the western frontier in 1756, and in November was made deputy Indian agent for the Pennsylvania and Ohio Indians by Sir William Johnson, who, in 1763, sent him to England to confer with the ministry relative to an Indian boundary line. While on a mission, in 1765, to pacify the Illinois Indians, he was attacked, wounded, and taken to Vincennes, but was soon released, and succeeded in accomplishing his mission. In May 1766, he made a settlement four miles from Fort Pitt, and he continued thereafter to render valuable service in pacifying the Indians and conciliating them to British interests until 1776.
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