Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GOLDTHWAITE, George, senator, born in Boston, 10 December 1809; died in Montgomery, Alabama, 18 March, 1879. He received a primary education at a grammar school in Boston, and at thirteen years of age entered the United States military academy, where he remained two years. In 1826 he removed to Montgomery, Alabama, studying law with his brother Henry, and being admitted to the bar in his eighteenth year. He practiced his profession until his election as circuit judge in 1843, was appointed justice of the Supreme Court in January, 1852, and in 1856 became chief justice, but held the office only thirteen days, when he resigned from the bench and resumed the practice of his profession. At the beginning of the civil war he was appointed adjutant general of the state of Alabama. He was elected judge of the circuit court in 1868, but lost the office through an act of congress which disqualified him. In 1870 he was elected United States senator, served on the committees of claims and Revolutionary claims, and in 1877 retired to private life. --His elder brother, Henry, jurist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1798 ; died in Mobile, Alabama, in 1847, was liberally educated in Boston, studied law, and removed to Montgomery, Alabama, where he became the partner of Governor Benjamin Fitzgerald. He edited a newspaper, served in the state legislature several terms, and afterward removed to Mobile, where he was a successful lawyer. From 1839 until his death he was a judge of the Supreme Court of Alabama.
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