Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MACKENZIE, George Henry, chess-player, born in Bellefield, Ross-shire, Scotland, 24 March, 1837. He entered the British army when he was nineteen years of age, and saw service during the concluding months of the Indian mutiny, but sold his commission in 1861, and came to the United States in 1863, enlisted in the National ***'tony, and before the end of the war had been promoted captain. Having been a chess-player from his youth, and the game steadily gaining in fascination for him, he determined to devote himself to it professionalLy. Since that time he has played in all the tournaments both at home and abroad, including those held in Paris in 1878, Berlin in 1881, Vienna in 1882, London in 1883, and Hamburg in 1885. In 1887 the contest was held at Frankfort-on-the-Main, and proved the most interesting of the series Twentyone of the chief players of Europe, including two ex-champions, Zukertort and Blackburne, took part During the previous meetings Captain Mackenzie's play had constantly improved. In the Berlin tournament he led in the first round, in the Londonevent he was ahead in the second round, and in match play on both sides of the Atlantic he had more than held his own, and his scores had grown steadily better, until at Frankfort he attained the extraordinary result of fifteen wins out of twenty games, in a contest where nearly every chess-player of mark except Steinitz was engaged. As a result he carried off the first prize, which made him the champion chess-player of the world.
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