Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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TAYLOR, George H., physician, born in Williston, Vermont, in 1821. He was graduated at the New York medical college in 1852, studied the Swedish treatment, developed the massage-cure for nervous, gynecological, and other classes of diseases, and invented mechanical massage, with apparatus for expanding the chest, lifting the contents of the pelvis, kneading the abdomen, and transmitting motor energy. Dr. Taylor is the author of "Exposition of the Swedish Movement-Cure " (New York, 1860); "Paralysis and Diseases of the Nerves, and the Remedial Use of Transmitted Motor Energy" (1872); " Health for Women " (1880); "Massage" (1884) ; " Pelvic and Hernial Therapeutics" (1884): and" Massage ; Mechanical Processes "(1887).--His brother, Charles Fayette, surgeon, born in Williston, Vermont, 25 April, 1827, was graduated at the medical department of the University of Vermont in 1856, and settled in New York city, devoting himself to the specialty of orthopedy. He founded the New York orthopedic dispensary and hospital in 1866, and was surgeon there till 1876. In 1867 he was appointed consulting orthopedic surgeon to St. Luke's hospital. Dr. Taylor is the inventor of an antero-posterior spinal apparatus, and other contrivances for the correction of spinal deviations consequent upon Port's disease and angular and lateral curvature of the spine; a long counter-ex-tension hip-splint for disease of the hip-joint; a jointed supporting splint for the recovering stage of hip-disease and for other purposes; and various apparatus for the correction of club-foot and other deformities of the feet and legs, and others for promoting the development of certain muscles or groups of muscles by means of local exercise; also of an osteoclast and a genuclast, he received medals for his inventions at the international exhibitions of 1873 and 1876 at Vienna and Philadelphia, and was elected a corresponding member of the Royal society of physicians at Vienna. Besides monographs on the Swedish treatment in the New York medical journals, he published a volume on the "Theory and Practice of the Movement-Cure" (Philadelphia, 1861). He is the author of many medical papers, the chief of which are those on "Synovitis of the Knee-Joint," "Emotional Prodigality," and "Bodily Conditions as related to Mental States," and of volumes on "Spinal Irritation, or Causes of Backache in American Women" (New York, 1864); "Mechanical Treatment of Angular Curvature of the Spine" (New York, 1864 ; German translation, Berlin, 1873) ; "Infantile Paralysis and its Attendant Deformities" (Philadelphia, 1867) ; "Mechanical Treatment of Disease of the Hip-Joint "(New York, 1873 ; German ed., Berlin, 1873) ; and "Sensation and Pain" (New York, 1881).
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