Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JUNKIN, George, clergyman, born near Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1 November, 1790; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 20 May, 1868. His father was an officer in the Revolutionary army. The son was graduated at Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, in 1813, studied theology in New York city, and in 1819 became pastor of the Associate Reformed church at Milton, Pennsylvania, where he was active in establishing the Milton academy, and in 1828-'9 edited the "'Religious Farmer." In 1822, with the body of his church, he entered the Presbyterian church. He was principal of the Manual labor academy in Germantown, Pennsylvania, in 1830, and in 1832 founded and became president of Lafayette college, Easton, Pennsylvania In 1841-'4 he was president of Miami university, Ohio, returning to Lafayette as its president a second time in 1845. From 1848 till 1861 he was president of Washington college, Lexington, Virginia, but resigned at the beginning of the civil war, after vigorous efforts to maintain the Union, and at a great sacrifice of property returned to Philadelphia, where he resided until his death. He was moderator of the general assembly of the Presbyterian church in 1844. Among his numerous works are "The Vindication, a Reply to the Defence of Albert Barnes" (Philadelphia, 1836); "Treatise on Justification" (1831); "Lectures on the Prophecies" (1844); "Political Fallacies" (1862); "Treatise on Sanctification" (1864); "Two Commissions, the Apostolic and Evangelical" (1864); and "The Tabernacle" (1865). A biography of him was published by his brother, David X. Junkin (Philadelphia, 1871).--His brother, David X., clergyman, born in Mercer, Pennsylvania, 8 January, 1808; died in Martinsburg, Pennsylvania, 22 April, 1880, was graduated at Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, in 1831. After teaching a short time, he was a student at Princeton theological seminary, and was licensed to preach, 17 October, 1833. From 1835 till 1849 he was pastor of the Presbyterian church at Greenwich, New Jersey, and in 1837-'42 was also professor of literature in Lafayette college, Pennsylvania In 1851-'60 he was pastor of a church in Washington, D. C., and of the Presbyterian church in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, becoming chaplain in the United States navy in May of the last-named year. In 1869 he became pastor of a church in Chicago, Illinois, and from 1876 till his death officiated at New Castle, Pennsylvania He published "The Oath a Divine Ordinance and an Element of the Social Constitution" (New York, 1845), and "Memoir of Reverend George Junkin, D. D." (Philadelphia, 1871).--George's son, George, lawyer, born in Milton, Pennsylvania, 18 March, 1827, studied at Lafayette, and at Miami university, where he was graduated in 1842. He then studied law, and in 1848 was admitted to the Philadelphia bar at which he has attained high rank as a practitioner before the civil courts. In 1882 he was an independent Republican candidate for judge of the supreme court of Pennsylvania. He is active in the affairs of the Presbyterian church, has been a director of Princeton theological seminary since 1869, and served on the committee that was appointed to prepare a hymnal for his denomination.
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