Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KELLOGG, George, inventor, born in New Hartford, Connecticut, 19 June, 1812. He was graduated at Wesleyan university in 1837, and after engaging in the manufacture of machinery was principal of Sumter academy, Sumterville, South Carolina. in 1838-'41. He then became a manufacturer at Birmingham, Connecticut. and in 1855 removed to New York to educate his daughter. In 1863-'6 he was a United States revenue officer, and afterward engaged in manufacturing and in various experiments, removing to Cold Spring, New York He has testified as an expert in noted patent cases, and has made many inventions, including a machine to make jack-chain at the rate of a yard a minute (1844); a dovetailing-machine (1849)" a type-distributor (1852)' an obstetrical forceps (1853); and an adding apparatus (1869). In 1845 he established a manufactory of hooks and eyes, with American machinery, at Red-ditch, England, and in 1868, while in Europe with his daughter, he began to make hats in London under a patent that had been issued to Ms brother. --His brother, Albert, botanist, born in New Hartford, Connecticut, 6 December, 1813; died in Alameda, California, 31 March, 1887, was educated at Wilbraham academy, Massachusetts, and subsequently received his degree at the medical department of Transylvania university, Lexington, Kentucky The first accurate description of the big Crees of California was made by him and published by Joint C. Fremont in his " Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the years 1843-'4" (Washington, 1845). Dr. Kellogg was associated with Audubon in his exploration of Texas at the time of the annexation of that country to the United States. Afterward he made botanical excursion along the western coast of the American continent from Tierra del Fuego in the south to Alaska in the north. He accompanied, as botanist, in 1867, the first government expedition that was sent to Alaska under the auspices of the United States coast survey. He began his work at the northern end of Vancouver's island, and continued through Alexander archipelago, then on part of Kodiak island, and finally at Unalaska island. Dr. Kellogg was a large contributor of articles on botanical subjects to the periodical press, and also to various state and national reports. Many of his papers are given in the "Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences," of which society he was a member. He left a botanical manuscript on the natural trees of California, illustrated by 500 large pen-and-ink drawings.--George's daughter, Clara Louise, singer, born in Sumterville, South Carolina, 12 , July, 1842, was named after Clara Novelle, the singer. From her earliest childhood, which was passed in Birmingham, Connecticut, she showed an extraordinary talent for music. It is said that at nine months she hummed a tune, and the quickness and accuracy of her ear have often astonished musicians. Miss Kellogg received the greater part of her musical education in New York from French and Italian masters, which was completed abroad She made her first appearance as Gilda in "Rigoletto " at the Academy of music, New York, in 1861, but did not make her greatest success until 1864. This was as Marguerite in Gounod's " Faust," a part that had never been played here before, and with which she has so identified herself that many competent judges regard her impersonation of it as the finest ever seen in this country. After sinking with great success in her own country, Miss Kellogg went to Her Majesty's theatre, London, in 1867. She made her debut there as Marguerite, and won instant and enthusiastic recognition. In other characters she was no less successful. She sang at the Han-del festival at the crystal palace in 1867, and of her rendering of "Oh, had I Jubal's Lyre" the "Times" said" " The old Handelian fire was mainly felt when Mlle. Kellogg sang the noble air from 'Joshua.'" In 1868 she returned to the United States, and made her first concert-tour under the management of Max Strakoseh. In 1869-'71 she appeared again in Italian opera at the Academy of music, New York. She afterward organized an English opera company, and did more for American musical art than had been done before. Her organization was the best that had been heard in English opera, and she gave employment to a large number of young Americans, who, beginning their careers in her chorus, soon advanced to higher places in the musical world. In 1876 she organized an Italian opera company, and appeared in " Ada" and " Carmen." After the dissolution of this company she retired from the operatic stage in this country, but was heard in concerts in all parts of the United States. [n 1880 she received an offer to appear in Austria, where she sang in Italian, the other performers singing in German, and she afterward sang in Italian opera in St. Petersburg. Miss Kellogg's list of operas includes forty-five, and among those with which she has most closely identified her name are "Faust," "Crispino," "Traviata," "Mda," and "Carmen." As an actress she possesses an ability that is quite unusual among singers. Miss Kellogg's voice covers a wide range. It was at first a high soprano with a coinpass reaching from C to E flat. As she grew older it changed, losing some of its higher notes, but gaining in richness. As an artist she will be remembered as the first American to win musical recognition for her country from the Old World.
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