Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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YOUNG, George Paxton, Canadian educator, born in Berwick-on-Tweed, 28 November, 1818. He was ordained as a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, and removed to Canada in 1848. The same year he was installed as pastor of Knox church, Hamilton, and in 1851 he became professor of mental and moral philosophy in Knox college, Toronto, which post he resigned, together with his office in the ministry, in 1861. In 1865 he was appointed inspector of grammar-schools for Upper Canada, and in 1871 he became professor of metaphysics and ethics in University college, Toronto. He received the degree of LL.D. in 1882, and is the author of " Miscellaneous Discourses and Expositions of Scripture" (Edinburgh, 1854), and also of "The Philosophical Principles of Natural Religion" (1862).
YOUNG James, Canadian member of parliament, born in Galt, Ontario, 24 May, 1835. He was educated in his native place, and owned and edited the "Dumfries Reformer" from 1853 till 1863. Mr. Young was elected to represent South Waterloo in the Dominion parliament in 1867, and reelected by acclamation in 1872 and 1874, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the same constituency in 18'78. He was elected to the Ontario legislature for North Hastings in 1879, re-elected by acclamation in 1883, and on 2 June, 1882, became provincial treasurer, which post he resigned on 29 October, in consequence of feeble health, but continued to represent Riding till December, 1886, when he declined a renomination. In the Dominion parliament he secured the abolition of the office of queen's printer, in 1873 submitted a bill in favor of the ballot, proposed a committee and report in 1874, which resulted in the publication of the "Hansard," containing the house of commons debates, and was the author of other important measures. He was elected president of the Reform association of Ontario in 1878, has been president of the Sabbath-school association of that province, a member of the Agriculture and arts association of Ontario, and is connected with various industrial and financial associations. He has published two prize essays --" The Agricultural Resources of Canada" (1857) and "The Reciprocity Treaty" (1865)--"Reminiscences of the Early History of Gait and the Settlement of Dumfries" (1880), and "The National Future of Canada" (1887), a collected series of letters published originally in the Toronto "Globe," and in opposition to a commercial union with the United States and to imperial federation.
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