Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MAXWELL, George Troupe, physician, born in Bryan county, Georgia, 6 August, 1827. He studied at the Chatham academy in Savannah, Georgia, and was graduated at the medical department of the University of the city of New York in 1848. Dr. Maxwell practised in Tallahassee, Florida, until 1857, when he was appointed surgeon of the marine hospital in Key West, Florida In 1860 he removed to Savannah, as he had been elected professor of obstetrics and diseases of women and children in Oglethorpe medical college, but a year later he enlisted as a private in the 1st Florida regiment, and served for four months in the Confederate army. He was then commissioned major of cavalry, and in 1862 promoted to colonel. Late in 1863 he organized the Florida brigade in the Army of the Tennessee, and led it, under General Braxton Bragg, until the battle of Missionary Ridge, where he was captured. He was imprisoned on Johnson's island in Lake Erie until March, 1865. Meanwhile he had been recommended for promotion to brigadier-general. On the close of the war he returned to Florida, and was elected a delegate from Leon county to the convention that was held for the purpose of remodelling the constitution and reorganizing the state government, and in 1816 he was elected to the legislature. In 1871 he removed to Delaware, and has since made Middletown his residence. Dr. Maxwell has held various offices in the Delaware medical society, including that of vice-president in 1874. He claims to have invented the laryngoscope independently several months before Professor Johann N. Czermack announced his discovery, and he was the first American physician to see the vocal cords of a living person. He had contributed professional papers to the medical journals, and published " An Exposition of the Liability of the Negro Race to Yellow Fever"; and a history of his invention of the laryngoscope (1872).
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