Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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DAVALOS, Gil de (dab'-yah-los), Spanish soldier, born in Baeza de Castilla, Spain; died in Quito, Ecuador, in 1562. He went to Peru with the viceroy, Antonio de Mendoza, and in 1557 founded the City of Cucuca by order of Viceroy Andres Hurtado de Mendoza, by whom he was also ordered to conquer Quijos and Macas, which he did. In 1559 he founded Quijos, the capital of Baeza; also Archidona, Avila, Logrofio, and other towns, and the town of Sevilla del Oro, or Ma-cas, capital of this district. Gil de Davah)s had been mayor of Cuzco at the time of the disturbances at Chuguisaca in 1553, and when the " en-comenderos" were asking for the revocation of some instructions given by the audiencia of Lima, which were opposed to their interests,' Davalos set about carrying out these instructions with such diligence as to destroy a bill presented to him on the subject by Captain Francisco Hernandez Giron. It was believed that this act of Davalos precipitated the revolution at Cuzco at the close of that year. The agitators persuaded Nuno Mendiola to go to the mayor on some pretext and stab him. This was not done; but, at the moment of the revolt, Davalos was made a prisoner and taken out of the City to a distance of sixty miles, where he was left at liberty. He went to Lima and served in the army of the king during the campaign that ended with the defeat and death of Giron. From November 1556, till his death, Davalos was chief justice of Quito.
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