Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BROWN, Goold, grammarian, born in Providence, Rhode Island, 7 March, 1791; died in Lynn, Massachusetts, 31 March, 1857. He was descended from some of the earliest Quaker settlers of New England, and was educated in the schools and academies of his native state. At nineteen he began to teach a district school in Rhode Island, then a Friends' boarding school in Dutchess County, New York, in 1811. He removed to New York City in 1813, where for over twenty years he conducted an academy. He soon realized that the grammars in use at that time were inadequate, and set about providing better ones. The superiority of his methods was apparent as soon as his books were brought into use, and they commanded a very large sale. He published "Institutes of English Grammar" (New York, 1823); " First Lines of English Grammar " (1823); and "A Grammar of English Grammars" (1851). He had, at the time of his death, just revised the last-named work.
BROWN, Harvey, soldier, born in Rahway, New Jersey, in 1795; died in Clifton, New York, 31 March, 1874. After graduation, at the United States military academy, in 1818, he joined the light artillery, and served on garrison and staff duty until, on the reorganization of the army in 1821, he was assigned to the 1st and shortly afterward to the 4th artillery, when he was promoted first lieutenant. After ten years' service in this grade he was promoted captain. He was in the Black Hawk expedition in 1832, but saw no actual fighting. After four years in garrison he was ordered to Florida, in 1836, and took part in the arduous campaigns against the Seminole Indians. He was again in Florida in 1838-'9, and later in 1839 was ordered to the northern frontier, to quell expected disturbances on the Canadian border. He was major of the artillery battalion, in the Army of Occupation in Mexico, and was present at many battles of the campaign. For gallantry on these occasions he received successive brevets, including that of colonel, 13 September, 1847, and was promoted to the full grade of major, 9 January, 1851. He was superintendent of recruiting in New York in 1851-'2, and was in Florida fighting the Seminoles in 1852-'3, and still again in 1854-'6. After an interval of garrison and recruiting duty he was placed in command of the artillery school for practice at Fort Monroe, remaining there, with brief details on other duty, until the civil war began, in 1861. He commanded the regulars in the detentes of Washington until 4 April, 1861, when he was ordered to Fort Pickens, in Pensacola harbor, Florida, and on 28 April was promoted lieutenant colonel. He repelled the confederate attack of 9 October, and in turn bombarded their works, with partial success, 22-23 November, and again 1 January, 1862. For these services he was brevetted brigadier in the regular service, and promoted colonel, 5th artillery, 14 May, 1861 ; but he declined a command as brigadier in the volunteers. He was in command of the forces in New York City during the formidable draft riots of 12-16 July, 1863, and was brevetted major general, U.S.A., for distinguished services at that time. He was retired from active service 1 August, 1863, having been borne on the army register more than forty-five years, and having passed ,the legal limit of age for active duty.
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