Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GRANGER, Gordon, soldier, born in New York in 1821: died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, 10 January 1876. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1845, and took part in the principal battles of the Mexican war, being brevetted 1st lieutenant and captain for bravery at Contreras and Churubusco and at Chapultepec. When the civil war began he served on the staff of General McClellan in Ohio, then in Missouri, being engaged at Dug Spring, and brevetted major for gallant services at Wilson's Creek, and on 2 September, 1861, became colonel of the 2d Michigan cavalry. On 26 March, 1862, he was made a brigadier-general, and commanded the cavalry in the operations that led to the fall of Corinth. He became a major general of volunteers on 17 September, 1862, and was placed in command of the Army of Kentucky. He conducted operations in Tennessee in the spring of 1863, repelled Forrest's raid in June, and took part in Rosecrans's Tennessee campaign. He distinguished himself in the battle of Chickamauga, was soon afterward assigned to the command of the 4th army corps, and took a prominent part in the operations around Chattanooga and in the battle of Missionary Ridge. He commanded a division at Fort Gaines, Alabama, in August, 1864, and was in command of the 13th army corps in the capture of Fort Morgan, and throughout the operations that resulted in the fall of Mobile in the spring of 1865. He was brevetted lieutenant colonel and colonel, United States army, for services at Chickamauga and Chattanooga, brigadier-general for gallantry in the capture of Mobile, and major general for the capture of Forts Gaines and Morgan. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on 15 January 1866, was promoted colonel on 28 July, 1866, and at the time of his death commanded the district of New Mexico.
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