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LA MADRID, Gregorio Araos de (lah-mah-drid'), Argentine soldier, born in Tucuman in 1796; died in Buenos Ayres, 15 October, 1870. When he was fourteen years old he entered the Argentine army, and on 24 October, 1813, became a lieutenant of dragoons. On 28 November, 1815, as a major, he did good service in the battle of Sipe-Sipe, and in 1816-'17 he took part in numerous battles in the campaign of Alto Peru. During the civil war of 1820-'1 he fought against the Federals, in 1822 was promoted general, and on 25 November, 1825, took possession of the government of Tucuman. On 27 October, 1826, in command of the forces of the provinces of Tu-cuman and Catamarca, he fought a battle against the Federal governor of La Rioja, and when the victory had almost been won by his troops he was wounded and left for dead on the field. On 5 December of the same year he again took possession of the government of Tucuman, and continued the war against the Federals. In June, 1830, he was appointed governor of the provinces of La Rioja and San Juan, and in 1831 he obtained the same place in the province of Cordova. On 4 November, 1831, he was defeated by General Quiroga in the battle of Ciudadela. On 7 April, 1840, La Madrid headed in Tucuman a revolution, called the " Coalicion del Norte," against the government of Rosas, but met with many reverses during that year. On 5 September, 1841, he was appointed governor of the province of Mendoza, and on 24 September he was defeated by the Federal general, Pacheco, in the battle of Rodeo del Medio, near Mendoza, and took refuge in Chili. Two years afterward he returned to the Argentine Republic, took part in the campaign against Rosas, and later was senator in several legislatures. La Madrid was a poet of some merit, and his troops often sang his verses as they were going into battle.
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