Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GUACANAGARI (gwa-cah-nah-gar'-e), Haytian cacique. He was one of the five native kings who ruled over Hayti at the time of the discovery of the island. He sent a message to Columbus in December, 1492, begging the latter to come to his residence. He received the Spaniards with great courtesy, and when he heard of the shipwreck of one of the vessels of Columbus he invited the discoverer to stay at his residence. In 1493 the neighboring caciques attacked the fortress La Navidad, which had been built by Columbus, and massacred the Spanish garrison. Guacanagari and his subjects fought in the defence of the Spaniards, but were routed, their leader wounded, and his village burned to the ground. When Columbus returned on his second voyage, Guacanagari sent his brother to greet the admiral. He refused to take part in the plan formed by Caonabo in 1494 to exterminate the foreign invaders, and incurred thereby the hostility of his fellow-caciques. He informed Columbus of this secret league, and assisted him in his expedition against the Indians that were assembled at the Vega, in March, 1495, under Manicaotex. This conduct excited the hatred of all the caciques of the island, and he fled to the mountains, where he died in obscurity.
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