Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BAILEY, Guilford Dudley, soldier, born in Martinsburg, New York, 4 June 1834; killed in action, 31 May 1862. He was graduated at West Point in 1856, and assigned to the 2d artillery. He served on frontier and garrison duty, was at Fort Leavenworth during the Kansas disturbances of 1857-'9, and at West Point as instructor for a short time in 1859. When the civil war began he was stationed at Fort Brown, Texas, but, with his immediate superior, Captain Stoneman, refused to surrender when General Twiggs attempted to give up his entire command to the confederates, and effected his escape into Mexico. Reporting for duty as soon as he could reach the north, he was sent with Hunt's battery to the relief of Fort Pickens, Fla. Returning on account of sickness, he organized and was appointed colonel of the 1st New York light artillery volunteers (25 September 1861), joined the Army of the Potomac, was detailed as chief of artillery in General Casey's division during the Peninsular campaign, and was killed among his guns at the battle of Seven Pines. A monument has been raised to his memory in the cemetery at Poughkeepsie.
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