Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BEDFORD, Gunning', patriot, born in Philadelphia about 1730; died in Newcastle, Del., 30 September 1797. He was a lieutenant in the French war, and entered the revolutionary army as major, 20 March 1775. As Lieutenant-Colonel of Haslet's regiment he was wounded at White Plains. On 18 June 1776, he was appointed muster-master-general. He was a delegate from Delaware to the old congress, 1783-'5, and in 1796 was elected governor of Delaware.*His cousin, Gunning, Jr., born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1747, died in Wilmington, Del., 30 March 1812, was graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1771, delivering the valedictory oration. After graduation he studied in the law-office of Joseph Reed, of Philadelphia, was admitted to the bar, and practiced law at Dover and afterward at Wilminton, Del. During the revolutionary war he acted for a short time as aide-de-camp to General Washington. Resuming his practice after the close of the war, he was in the course of a few years elected to the Delaware House of Representatives. He represented Delaware in the continental congress from 1783 till 1786, and was also a member of the constitutional convention, in which he took an active part, and by his eloquence influenced the decision of the convention to give the same representation in the senate to large and small states. He was a presidential elector in 1789 and in 1793. He became attorney general of the state, and remained in that office until the organization of the government in 1789, when President Washington appointed him United States judge for the district of Delaware, which place he held until his last illness.*A grand-nephew of the latter, Gunning S., physician, born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1806; died in New York City, 5 September 1870, was graduated at Mount St. Mary's College, Emmettsburg, Maryland, in 1825, with the highest honors of his class. He received his medical diploma from Rutgers medical College in 1829, and soon afterward visited Europe, where for two years he continued his medical studies. On his return, in 1833, he was appointed professor in the medical College at Charleston, South Carolina, and subsequently was called to a professorship in the new medical College founded by Dr. Alden March in Albany, New York lie removed to New York about 1836, and soon commanded a large practice in obstetrics. In concert with the late Dr. Valentine Mott, his former preceptor, and for many years his colleague, Dr. Bedford projected the University medical College in 1840, and took the chair of obstetrics, which he retained until 1862. Dr. Bedford first introduced into the United States obstetrical clinics for the gratuitous treatment of poor women. He was the author of two standard treatises on his special department of medicine. His " Diseases of Women and Children" passed through ten editions in this country, and his " Principles and Practice of Obstetrics" five editions; and both have been republished in England, and translated into French and German.*His son, Dr. Henry Moore, died at Richfield Springs, 20 August 1880, was his assistant in the obstetrical clinic, the establishment of which was accomplished against strong opposition.
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