Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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HUBBARD, Gurdon Saltonstall, trader, born in Windsor, Vermont, 22 August, 1802; died in Chicago, Illinois, 14 September, 1886. He removed with his parents to Montreal, Canada, when he was thirteen years old, and was employed by the American fur company, who sent him to Mackinaw as an Indian trader. In November, 1818, he arrived at Fort Dearborn (now Chicago, Illinois), and during the next seven years made twenty-six trips from his trading-posts in Illinois and Michigan by way of Chicago to Mackinaw. In 1827 he began business in his own name, and established several posts in Illinois. When the Indian title to lands became extinct, and trading unprofitable, he removed to Chicago, and soon after, when the Winnebago war seemed imminent, he volunteered to go to the Wabash country, raised a volunteer company of 150 men, and returned the seventh day, having travelled 250 miles by "Hubbard's Trail." During the Black Hawk war, with the Indians of the Sac and Fox tribes, he served in a Danville, Illinois, regiment. In 1832 he was a member of the legislature. Mr. Hubbard was a leader in all the most important of Chicago's early enterprises. He built the first warehouse, was the originator of the first line of packets from Chicago to Buffalo, one of the company that established the first line of steamers to Lake Superior, a director of the first savings bank, a founder of the first Episcopal church, a director of the first state bank, built the first large hotel, the Lake house, and was a director of the first company to supply the village with water in 1836.
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