Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KELLEY, Hall Jackson, colonist, born in North-wood, New Hampshire, 28 February, 1790died in Palmer, Massachusetts, 17 January, 1874. He was graduated at Middlebury in 1813, became principal of a public school in Boston, Massachusetts, and was interested in various educational enterprises, writing several text books, founding the Boston young men's educational society, and organizing the first Sunday school in New England. He was subsequently engaged as a surveyor on railroads in Maine, and projected a canal from Boston to the Connecticut river, and a railroad from the city of Mexico to Vera Cruz. For many years, beginning about 1817, he was interested in the settlement of the country west of the Rocky mountains. In 1829 he procured from the legislature of Massachusetts an act of incorporation of the "American society for encouraging the settlement of the Oregon territory." He published a "Geographical Memoir of Oregon" (Boston, 1830), accompanied by the first map of that territory that ever was compiled, and a manual of the Oregon expedition for the guidance of emigrants. In 1831 he completed arrangements for sending out a party of several hundred persons, but the plan was abandoned at the last moment. A few months later he set out with a smaller company that reached New Orleans, but disbanded there, to Kelley's great personal loss. He then went to Mexico, and, after many adventures and hardships, organized a party of Americans who had settled at Monterey, and with them finally arrived in Oregon, but was almost at once evicted by the Hudson bay company. He then returned to Boston, broken in health and fortune, and during his later life resided in Palmer, Massachusetts Harvard and Middlebury colleges gave him the degree of A. M. in 1820. He published, in addition to the writings already mentioned, "A History of the Settlement of Oregon and of the Interior of Upper California, and of Persecutions and Afflictions of Forty Years' Continuance endured by the Author" (Springfield, Massachusetts, 1868).
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