Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ANTES, Henry, colonist, born in Germany in 1701; died in Fredericktown, Pennsylvania, 20 July 1755. The name Antes is a Greek paraphrase of the German Blume, adopted as a disguise during the Romanist persecutions of 1620.
Henry Antes immigrated with his father's family to Pennsylvania about 1720, and built a paper-mill on the Wissahickon near Philadelphia. Here he married Christina, daughter of William Dewees, and became a leader in the civil and religious affairs of the colony. He was the friend of Whitefield and Zinzendorf, and, after consultation with the latter, assumed the leadership of the religious organization founded in 1741, and known as" Unitas Fratrum," or Moravians. He was one of the founders of Bethlehem.**His son, Philip Frederick, born 2 July 1730; died in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 20 September 1801, held several public offices, was a member of the provincial council and of the general and state assemblies, judge of the court of common pleas, and a colonel of state militia. He was so conspicuous and ardent a patriot during the revolution that the British offered a reward for his head. In 1776, in company with a Mr. Ports at Warwick furnace, he successfully cast an eighteen-pounder, the first cannon ever made in America. ANTHON, John, jurist, born in Detroit, 14 Nay, 1784; died in New See "A German Hero," by Rev. Edwin McMinn (Moorestown, New Jersey, 1886). York City, 5 March 1863. He was the second son of Dr. G. C. Anthon, was graduated at Columbia College in 1801 at the head of his class, studied law, and, upon attaining his majority, was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court. During the war of 1812 he was in command of a company of militia, and served in the defense of New York City. He was also frequently employed during this period as judge-advocate. The establishment of the Supreme Court of the city of New York is largely due to his efforts, he having successfully urged its necessity upon the state legislature. He was one of the founders of the New York Law Institute, and at the time of his death was its president. He published "Digested Index to the Reports of the United States Courts" (5 vols. 1813); " Reports of Cases at Nisi Prius in the New York Supreme Court" (1820); "An Analytical Abridgment of Blackstone's Commentaries," with a prefatory essay "On the Study of Law" (2d ed., 1832); and "Anthon's Law Student" and "American Precedents" (1810).
His brother, Henry, clergyman, born in New York City, 11 March 1795" died there, 5 January 1861, was graduated at Columbia in 1813, after which he studied theology under Bishop Hobart and took orders in the Protestant Episcopal Church. In 1816, while still a deacon, he had charge of the parish of St. Paul's Church in Tivolion-Hudson, New York; but, his health failing, he removed to South Carolina, where he remained from 1819 to 1822. During the latter year he became rector of Trinity Church, Utica, where he remained till 1829, when he took charge of St. Stephen's Church, New York. This pastorate he resigned in 1837 and became rector of St. Mark's in the Bowery, continuing there till his death. All Souls' Church, originally a chapel of St. Mark's, was completed afterward, and was made a memorial by his late congregation. The vestry of St. Mark's has erected a memorial tablet near the charted. Dr. Anthon published "Historical Notices of St. Mark's Church from 1795 to 1845" (New York, 1845).
Another brother, Charles, educator, born in New York City, 19 November 1797; died there, 29 July 1867, was graduated at Columbia College in 1815, studied law in the office of his brother John, and was admitted to the bar in 1819, but never practiced. In 1820 he was appointed adjunct professor of Greek and Latin at Columbia College, and ten years later he succeeded to the full professorship, and at the same time was made head master of the grammar school attached to the College. The latter post he occupied until 1864, when he was retired. In 1857 he was transferred to the Jay chair of Greek language and literature. He devoted considerable attention to the preparation of textbooks for Colleges, and in 1822 published a new edition of Lempriere's "Classical Dictionary." Later appeared an edition of Horace, with notes (1830); a "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities" (1843); a "Classical Dictionary" (1841), and nearly fifty other volumes of classical school-books, many of which were republished in Europe. A biographical sketch of Charles Anthon appeared in " The Galaxy "in 1867.
Their father, GEORGE CHRISTIAN, a German physician, served in the British army until the surrender of Detroit in 1788, attaining the rank of surgeon-general, resigned, married the daughter of a French officer, and settled in New York City.
Charles Edward, numismatist, born in New York City, 6 December 1822; died there, 7 June 1883, was a son of John Anthon, was graduated at Columbia College in 1839, and from 1853 until 1883 he held the chair of history and belles-lettres in the College of the City of New York. He was an enthusiastic collector of coins, and owned one of the most valuable collections ever gathered in the United States. For some time he was president of the American Numismatic Society.
Another son of John, William Henry, lawyer, born in New York City, 2 August 1827; died there, 7 November 1875, was admitted to the bar in 1848, and soon became distinguished in its practice. He was counsel in the Brinckly divorce case, and in 1858 defended the rioters who burned the quarantine buildings on Staten Island. In 1851 he served as member of the state legislature, and during the civil war he was judge-advocate-general on Governor E. died Morgan's staff. -George Christian, educator, born in Red Hook, New York, 19 March 1820; died in Yonkers, New York, 11 August 1877, the eldest son of the gev. Henry Anthon, was graduated at Columbia College in 1839, studied law, and was admitted to practice at the New York bar. He removed to New Orleans and there began teaching, but returned to New York and was appointed professor of Greek in the University of the city of New York. He established the Anthon grammar school in 1854, and was its principal until his death.
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