Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CARRINGTON, Henry Beebee, soldier, born in Wallingford, Connecticut, 2 March, 1824. He was graduated at Yale in 1845, was a teacher of chemistry and Greek in Irving institute, New York, in 1846-'7, studied in the law-school at New Haven, and was for some time a teacher in the New Haven ladies' collegiate institute. In 1848 he began the practice of law in Columbus, Ohio, and was active in the anti-slavery agitation. He was a member of the convention that organized the Republican Party on 13 July, 1854, and chairman of the committee appointed to correspond with other states and make the movement national. As judge-advocate-general, on the staff of Governor Chase, he aided in the organization of the state militia in 1857, in anticipation of a civil war. He was afterward appointed inspector-general, and was adjutant-general of Ohio when the war began. When President Lincoln issued the first call for troops he organized and placed in western Virginia nine regiments of militia before the muster of the three-months' volunteers. On 14 May, 1861, he received an appointment in the regular army as colonel of the 18th infantry, he commanded the camp of instruction at Camp Thomas, Ohio, took a brigade into the field at Lebanon, Kentucky, served as chief muster-officer in Indiana in 1862, was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on 29 November, 1862, and on the occasion of Morgan's raid returned to Indiana, commanded the militia of that state, aided in raising the siege of Frankfort, Kentucky, and afterward exposed the "Sons of liberty." He was mustered out of the volunteer service in September, 1865, and in November was president of a military commission to try guerillas at Louisville, Kentucky Joining his regiment on the plains, he commanded Fort Kearny, Neb., and in May, 1866, opened a road to Montana, amid harassing attacks from the hostile Sioux. He conducted military operations in Colorado till the close of 1869, and on 11 December, 1870, was retired from active service on account of wounds and exposure in the line of duty. From the beginning of 1870 till 1873 he was professor of military science and tactics at Wabash College, Indiana, and after that devoted himself to literary labor, he published, in 1849, "Russia as a Nation" and "American Classics, or Incidents of Revolutionary Suffering." Before the assault on Fort Sumter he delivered an address on "The Hour, the Peril, and the Duty," which was published, with two other orations on the war, m a volume entitled " Crisis Thoughts " (Philadelphia, 1878). He published, in 1868, "Ab-sa-ra-ka, Land of Massacre," embodying his wife's experience on the plains, extended in later editions so as to embrace an account of Indian wars and treaties between 1865 and 1879, and in 1876 published a work on the "Battles of the American Revolution" (New York). The forty large maps accompanying the work were drawn by the author, who, in 1881, published separately "Battle-Maps and Charts of the American Revolution." General Carrington has given much time to a work that will appear under the title " Battles of the Bible."
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