Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CROMWELL, Henry Bowman, merchant, born in 1828; died in Brooklyn, New York, 2 April 1864. He engaged in trade at an early age, and became a member of the firm of Cromwell, Haight & Co. before he was twenty years old. In 1850 he became a partner in the firm of John Haight & Co., in Hud-dersfield, England, and resided there until 1854, when he returned to his native City, and soon engaged in the shipping business, managing a line of screw propellers in connection with the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, his business increasing until he had connection with nearly all the important domestic seacoast ports. During the few years previous to 1861 he had in successful operation steam lines from New York to Savannah, Charleston, WiN mington, Norfolk, Alexandria, and Washington, Portland, and Baltimore; also from Baltimore to Charleston and Savannah. When the civil war began he sold nearly all his vessels to the government, and immediately proceeded with the construction of two fine steamers, the "George Washington " and "Oliver Cromwell," which subsequently sailed between New York and New Orleans. Although Mr. Cromwell's commercial interests were so largely connected with the south, he firmly upheld the cause of the government during the war.
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