Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BRUCE, Henry, naval officer, born in Machias, Maine, 12 February, 1798. He was appointed to the navy as midshipman from Massachusetts on 9 November, 1813, and was captured while attached to the "Frolic," 18 guns, when she surrendered to the British man-of-war "Orpheus," 36 guns, remaining for six months as prisoner of war in Halifax. Nova Scotia He became lieutenant on 13 January, 1825, was attached to the "Macedonian" and afterward to the" Franklin," when she conveyed Minister Rush to England. He was appointed to the frigate "Brandywine," of the Mediterranean squadron, in 1837, and was commissioned commander, 8 September, 1841. In 1845 he was appointed to the brig "Truxtun," on the African coast, capturing the slaver "Spitfire" during his cruise, and in 1848-'50 commanded the naval rendezvous at Boston, Massachusetts. He was put on the reserved list, 13 September, 1855, commissioned commodore, 16 July, 1862, and retired, 4 April, 1867.
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