Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BULL, Henry, governor of Rhode Island, born in South Wales in 1609; died in Rhode Island in 1693. He early immigrated to America, and after a short residence in Massachusetts, with a party of seventeen, purchased land and settled in Newport about 1638. In 1685 and in 1689 he was governor.| BULL, 01e Bornemann, violinist, born in Berffen, Norway, 5 February, 1810; died there, 18 August, 1880. Music came as if by instinct to this artist. When only five years of age he played on the violin without having any previous training. His uncle, Jens Bull, encouraged his fondness for music and in his eighth year he began receiving instruction. A year later he was first violinist at the theatre where his father acted, the latter being a clever amateur performer. In 1822 he studied under Lundhohn, a Swede who settled in Bergen, and soon acquired the little that this musician could impart to him. Later his father, who desired that he should become a clergyman, placed him under the care of Musaeus, but as he was not permitted to use his violin, he soon revolted. In 1828 he was sent to the University at Christiania; but his stay was short, and he became director of the philharmonic and dramatic societies. He then determined to study music under Louis Spohr at Cassel, but his reception was so cold that he turned his attention to study and spent a few months at Gottingen. Returning to Norway, he gave several concerts, and so obtained funds with which to visit Paris. His experiences there were the same as those of many men of genius that, first and last, have been attracted to that gay capital. Faith in himself, hope, struggling, despondency, death almost, then rescue and success, is the brief story. After a severe illness at the residence of Madame Villeminot, whose granddaughter he married some years later (1836), he was enabled to give his first concert under the patronage of the duke of Montebello, and with the proceeds he made a concert tour through Switzerland and Italy, spending some time in hard study at Milan. His first really great success was made in Bologna. Mali-bran and De Beriot were to appear together at a concert; but at the last moment Malibran declined to sing on account of indisposition, and De Beriot claimed that he was suffering from a sprained thumb. OIe Bull was hastily sought out, and, although he had retired for the night, hurried to the theatre. Wearied and almost unnerved, choosing his own composition and closing his eyes, he played with such ecstasy of feeling that he captivated his audience. His reputation was now established, and he continued in Italy, giving concerts in the principal cities until May, 1835, when he returned to Paris. The Grand Opera was open to him, and he gave several concerts there, after which he played in Lyons and elsewhere in France. In 1836 he visited London, and, after a series of successful concerts, made a tour through the United King-dora. During the following years he visited Belgium, Germany, Russia, Sweden, and his own home in Norway, then Denmark, Austria, and until 1843 traveled in continental Europe. Late in 1843 he landed in Boston, and traveled through the United States, Canada, and part of the West Indies, returning to Paris in December, 1845. From that time until 1852 he was in Europe, with the exception of a brief experience in Algiers with General Youssuf in 1847. In 1848 he settled in Norway, and for some time devoted all his energies to the establishment of a national theatre in Bergen, in which he was successful; but ultimately its management passed into other hands. In 1852 he returned to the United States and remained for five years. While in Pennsylvania he purchased a large tract of land in Potter County and endeavored to found a colony, to which he gave the name O1eana; but he had been deceived in regard to the land-titles, and the project, after considerable expenditure, was abandoned. He returned to Bergen, where for a time he managed the theatre he had originated, but later made concert tours, and from 1863 till 1867 was so occupied in Germany, Poland, and Russia. During 1867 he again visited the United States, returning to Bergen for a short time in 1870, when he married Miss Thorpe, whom he had met in 1868 at Madison, Wisconsin In 1872 he spent the summer in Norway, but returned to the United States in the autumn. Later he spent some time in Europe ; but in 1876 he again came to this country, and appeared in the principal cities afterward. During the years that followed, his summers were spent abroad and his winters in America, that of 1879, at Cambridge, Massachusetts. See "Ole Bull: a Memoir," by his widow, Sara C. Bull (Boston, 1883).
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