Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MARTINDALE, Henry Clinton, member of congress, born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 6 May, 1780; died in Sandy Hill, Washington co.. New York, 22 April, 1860. He was graduated at Williams in 1800, studied law, and established himself in practice at Sandy Hill. After filling various local of-flees, he was elected to congress as a Whig, and reelected for the three succeeding terms, serving from 1 December, 1823, till 3 March, 1831. After an interval of one term he was returned for the fifth time, and served from 2 December, 1833, till 3 March, 1835.--His son, John Henry, soldier, born at Sandy Hill, New York, 20 March, 1815; died in Nice. France, 13 December, 1881, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1835, and attached to the 1st dragoons, but resigned on 10 March, 1836, and, after a brief employment as engineer in the construction of a railroad, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1838; and began practice in Batavia, New York He held the office of district attorney of Genesee county by appointment of the court in 1842-'5, and in 1847-'51 by election under the new constitution of 1846. In the spring of 1851 he removed to Rochester, New York, and there followed his profession until the civil war. On 9 August, 1861, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers. He won credit by the skilful handling of his brigade during the peninsular campaign. At Hanover Court-House, with about 1,000 men, he bore the attack of 4,000 until General Fitz-John Porter came up, and thus enabled the National forces to achieve a complete victory. His brigade was prominently engaged at Gaines's Mills and at Malvern Hill. In the retreat he exclaimed that he would rather stay and surrender than desert the wounded. For this expression General Porter brought charges against him. and after recovering from a severe illness he demanded a court of inquiry, which fully exonerated him. He was appointed military governor of Washington in November, 1862, where he remained until he was relieved at his own request in May, 1864, joined General Benjamin F. Butler's army, and in the operations south of Richmond and the siege of Petersburg led a division, he subsequently commanded the 15th corps, and held the advanced line on the Appomattox until he was compelled by sickness to leave the field. He resigned his commission on account of disability on 13 September, 1864. For gallant conduct at Malvern Hill he was given the brevet of major-general of volunteers, he resumed the practice of law in Rochester, and in 1866-'8 was attorney-general of New York state. He was for many years vice-president of the Board of managers for soldier's homes.
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