Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLARKE, Henry Francis, soldier, born in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, 9 November, 1820; died in Washington, District of Columbia, 10 May, 1887. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1843, entered the artillery, served in the occupation of Texas ill 1845-'6, and in the war with Mexico. He won the brevet of captain at Chapultepec, and was present at the assault and capture of the City of Mexico. He was assistant instructor of artillery at the military academy in 1848-'9, assistant professor of mathematics in 1850-'1, was engaged with his regiment in the Seminole war of 1851-'2, again assistant instructor of artillery at West Point in 1855-'6, made captain, 12 January, 1857, accompanied the Utah expedition of 1857 as commissary of subsistence, and remained there as chief commissary till 1860, when he was assigned to duty in the office of the commissary-general. He ordered the expedition for the relief of Fort Pickens, 1 April, 1861, was appointed chief commissary of General McDowell's command, 9 July, 1861, served in the Manassas campaign, was promoted major, 3 August, and served as chief commissary of subsistence of the Army of the Potomac from 20 August, 1861, till 5 January, 1864, being present at the siege of Yorktown, the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. He was promoted lieutenant colonel, 29 June, 1864, and had charge of purchase of supplies in New York City till 1867; was brevetted brigadier-general for gallantry at the battle of Gettysburg, and major general for faithful services in the subsistence department during the civil war. He served as chief of commissariat of the division of the Missouri in 1868-'75, and of the division of the Atlantic from 1879 until he was retired, 9 November, 1884, with the rank of colonel, having been advanced to that grade on 20 May, 1882.
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