Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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GAITHER, Henry, soldier, born in Montgomery County, Maryland, in 1751 ; died in Georgetown, D. C., 22 June, 1811. He was a captain in the Revolutionary army, and took part in nearly every battle of the war. He was commissioned major in the "levies of 1791," and served under General St. Clair against the Miami Indians in November of that year. In 1793 he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 3d infantry, serving until 1 June, 1802. In the interval he was in command at Fort Adams, the barrier posts on the Mississippi, and Fort Stoddart on the Mobile river. At the end of a long and honorable career in the army, Colonel Gaither returned to his native County, where he resided until his death. In professional life he was noted for his strictness as a disciplinarian.--His nephew, Henry Chew, patriot., born in Maryland in 1777" died in Locust Grove, Maryland, 12 February, 1845, represented his County in the legislature for many years, but is chiefly remembered for his heroic conduct in defense of free-speech during the disgraceful assault by a mob on the office of the "Baltimore Federalist," 26 July, 1812. Mr. Gaither was the eldest of three brothers who aided in repelling the attack, and when, on promise of protection by the authorities, the defenders of the office allowed themselves to be made prisoners, he succeeded in escaping, while on the way to the jail, by stepping into the shop of a friend and changing his hat and clothing, which had been spotted by the blood of his brother, Ephraim, who received a flesh-wound in the arm. The latter, who was confined in the jail with his younger brother, William, made his way out as the mob entered the room in which they were confined, mingled with the crowd, and, by stepping backward whenever a vacant place afforded him an opportunity, finally reached the Street without being again arrested. William was not so fortunate. After being knocked down and otherwise maltreated by the rioters, he feigned death and was thrown out with others as dead into the prison-yard. They were afterward stabbed in the hands with penknives to test whether or not they were actually dead. William bore the marks of these wounds until his death, and never entirely recovered from nervous shock produced by the horrors of that night. (See HANSON, ALEXANDER C.)--William Lingan, legislator, son of Henry Chew, born in Locust Grove, Montgomery County, Maryland, 21 February, 1818; died at Berkley Springs, Virginia, 2 August, 1858, was educated at Thornton Hill, Virginia, and Hagerstown, Maryland He was early elected to the legislature, and served sixteen years, a portion of the time in each branch. In 1851 he was chosen president of the senate, and the same year was appointed one of the board of visitors to the United States military academy. He was also made a director of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad on behalf of the state, and by his watchfulness and energy saved many thousands of dollars to the commonwealth. He was a presidential elector on the Harrison and Tyler ticket, and also on the Clay ticket, carrying the state for his candidates on both occasions. He became general of militia.
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